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Public finance during the reign of Catherine the Great

т. 26, вып. 4, декабрь 2021

PDF  PDF-версия статьи

Получена: 25.10.2021

Получена в доработанном виде: 11.11.2021

Одобрена: 28.11.2021

Доступна онлайн: 27.12.2021

Рубрика: ДЕНЕЖНАЯ СИСТЕМА И ДЕНЕЖНОЕ ОБРАЩЕНИЕ

Коды JEL: B1, B15, B31, N00, N10

Страницы: 434–444

https://doi.org/10.24891/df.26.4.434

Lyudmila V. GUDAKOVA Kuban State University (KubSU), Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation 
gudlud@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7078-7721
SPIN-код: отсутствует

Elena D. GREBENNIKOVA Kuban State University (KubSU), Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation 
grelena2019@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0934-8594
SPIN-код: отсутствует

Subject. We study the main directions and special aspects of the monetary system development during the reign of Catherine II. We discuss the monetary reform associated with the introduction of bank notes and the emergence of the banking system, as well as the creation of new financial systems.
Objectives. We focus on identifying the economic reasons that propelled Catherine the Great to use a new instrument of State regulation of the financial system, on showing how the creation of the banking system, still within the conditions of serfdom, acquired its own specifics.
Methods. We apply the logical, historical and diachronous approaches, economic research methods. We also use the principles of historical method, dialectics, the method of scientific abstraction and analysis, which determine the foundations of the financial reforms of Catherine the Great.
Results. We revealed the role of creating the banking system and non-banking institutions during the second half of the eighteenth century, classified their types and goals, determined the main characteristics of paper money. The monetary reform of Catherine the Great, which created favorable conditions for external borrowings, ensured the recovery of public finance in general.
Conclusions. The study concludes on important role of State regulation in the development of financial infrastructure, on the need to use the experience in the modern practice of private enterprise development and capital accumulation. The findings can be used in lectures and seminars for basic courses, like History of Finance and Economic History.

Ключевые слова: Catherine the Great, currency, monetary circulation, financial reform, monetary policy

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ISSN 2311-9438 (Online)
ISSN 2073-8005 (Print)

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т. 26, вып. 4, декабрь 2021

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